The maritime environmental, economic and security situations in the Arctic and Antarctic regions
Part I Compare and contrast the maritime environmental, economic and security situations in the Arctic and Antarctic regions: • What do you believe are the two main environmental challenges in each region? Why do you believe these are the main environmental challenges? • What do you believe are the two main economic challenges/opportunities in each region? Why do you believe these are the main economic challenges/opportunities? • What do you believe are the two main security challenges in each region? Why do you believe these are the main security challenges? • Select ONE Antarctic challenge/opportunity (environmental, economic, or security) and explain the US policy for that challenge. Do you believe the US policy is sufficient? Defend your answer. Please organize your answer as follows: Environmental Challenges Arctic Antarctica Economic Challenges/Opportunities Arctic Antarctica Security Challenges/Opportunities Arctic Antarctica US Policy/Sufficent? References and properly formatted citations are required. Part II You are the CEO of Icewalker Travels – a cruise ship company specializing in small (maximum 100 passengers), elite, educational cruises in the polar regions. While you have a lot of experience in the Arctic, you plan to expand your tourism opportunities to Antarctica and are interested in joining the IAATO as an Operator. As part of your application, the IAATO asks you to present your “best practices”/“code of conduct” for Antarctic tourism. Present ten best practices for Antarctic tourism: • Your practices must deal with both responsible cruise ship operations and onshore visits for your passengers; • Your best practices must deal exclusively with Antarctica and address both environmental impact and safety; • Each practice must be clearly labeled and numbered, and have its own descriptive paragraph explaining why it is a “best practice”; • While you may reference other best practices already in existence, at least three of your practices must be entirely your own, and must be labeled as such. If you discuss the exam with your classmates (this is allowed), make sure you do not have the same original three best practices. How would you address the criticisms about tourism in Antarctica? (“last chance tourism,” the debate on whether tourists should be banned in Antarctica, etc.). As a tour operator, explain how you justify tourism in Antarctica.
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