The tools of sociology, such as perspective, theories, concepts and methods, play a crucial role in sociological practice. Each tool helps to further our understanding of social phenomena and create an evidence-based approach to research. Sociology has traditionally focused on the macro-level analysis of society as well as individual behavior. However, in today’s information age where technology has given us unprecedented access to data and resources, applied sociologists are increasingly looking at more micro-level analyses that can inform both public policy decisions and the way we understand ourselves and our social world.
Sociological perspectives provide a framework for interpreting data from various sources including surveys, interviews or experiments. Researchers may use qualitative or quantitative approaches depending on the type of questions being asked. For example, a functionalist perspective may be useful when examining how different structures within an organization work together to produce an overall output or success rate while symbolic interactionism could be used when studying interpersonal communication between individuals or groups in different settings. By employing various perspectives when gathering data researchers are able to develop broader insights into society which they can then apply to their own research projects or draw upon in other areas of study.