Discuss the role culture plays in the perception of abnormal behavior in childhood. Explain the risk factors involved in psychological disorders of childhood.
can you reference textbook:Nevid, J. S., Rathus, S. A., & Green, B. (2011). Abnormal psychology in a changing world (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
The Role Culture Plays In the Perception of Abnormal Behavior in Childhood
The society as a collection of individuals defined by ethnic diversities, religious practices, and language spoken has certain unique norms and rules that govern what is deemed as an normal or abnormal parameter. The norms that govern beliefs and behavior at the various age categories have unwritten rules that they use to guide the behavior. However, some scholars belief that the mental illness concept is used to change or control people whose unusual patterns of functioning threatens or upset the social order (Nevid, Rathus, & Green, 2011). Just as the societal expectations and values in defining what is considered abnormal are important, so are the cultural influences. Within any given culture, there exist several shared behavior and beliefs that are widely accepted and that define customary practices. Consequently, culture defines the way people of a given culture define and perceive abnormalities. Cultural beliefs determine the way people view behavior as abnormal or normal. Moreover, children are less likely to label their own behavior as normal and as such the definitions of normality or abnormality largely depend on how the behavior of a child is filtered through their family’s cultural lenses.
The Risk Factors Involved in Psychological Disorders of Childhood
Many factors are associated to increased risk of psychological childhood disorders including genetic susceptibility, family factors such as sexual or physical abuse, environmental disorders, and illnesses. Children of parents who suffer from depression are at a higher risk of developing psychological disorders possibly because it equally leads to greater stress within the family. Research provides numerous evidences that diverse psychological experiences and biological experiences influence childhood mental disorders (Nevid et al., 2011). The cumulative effects of most of these risk factors are to a greater extent likely to cause mental disorder.
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