Rational decision-making and incrementalism are two common approaches public administrators use to make changes within an organization. Rational decision making involves the development of a plan with clear goals, objectives, and strategies that take into account all relevant factors. It is a goal oriented approach which focuses on effectively solving problems by gathering data and then weighing different options against each other to determine the best solution (Mayo & McSwite, 2017). Incrementalism meanwhile is a gradual approach that seeks only small improvements over time rather than large scale changes. It emphasizes continuity and stability through repeated cycles of planning, implementation, evaluation, and revision (Hood et al., 2018).