Plant and animal cells are two types of eukaryotic cells that have several similarities, but also many differences. Eukaryotic cells are the most complex type of cell and contain a nucleus, organelles, and other structures (Achey & Robinson, 2019). Both plant and animal cells are similar in terms of structure because they both possess a nucleus which contains DNA wrapped around proteins called histones (Khan Academy, 2020). Furthermore, both types of cell contain membrane-bound organelles such as endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, mitochondria and lysosomes. In addition to these similarities in structure, plant and animal cells share certain functions such as protein synthesis. The main difference between the two is that the structure of the cell itself greatly differs due to the presence or absence of certain components.