Sample Solution

Plant and animal cells are two types of eukaryotic cells that have several similarities, but also many differences. Eukaryotic cells are the most complex type of cell and contain a nucleus, organelles, and other structures (Achey & Robinson, 2019). Both plant and animal cells are similar in terms of structure because they both possess a nucleus which contains DNA wrapped around proteins called histones (Khan Academy, 2020). Furthermore, both types of cell contain membrane-bound organelles such as endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, mitochondria and lysosomes. In addition to these similarities in structure, plant and animal cells share certain functions such as protein synthesis. The main difference between the two is that the structure of the cell itself greatly differs due to the presence or absence of certain components.

One major distinction between plant and animal cells is that plants have a strong protective outer layer known as a cell wall made up mostly from cellulose molecules bonded together (Reddy et al., 2016). This wall provides support for protection from mechanical stressors like temperature change or wind damage. Additionally this additional layer helps regulate movement into and out of the plant’s body by acting as an impermeable barrier to some substances while allowing others pass through it freely with the help specific transport proteins embedded within it (Futurism Staff & Pomerantz D., 2017). Animal cells do not possess this thick external layer however they do have a thin lining skin composed primarily of lipids called plasma membrane that serves same purpose – regulating what enters or leaves their bodies – albeit much less effectively than walls found on plants.

Another large difference between these two types of eukaryotic cells is directly related to their respective roles in photosynthesis; namely only plants possess chloroplasts which house green pigments called chlorophylls responsible for capturing energy from sunlight during photosynthesis process wherein carbon dioxide is converted into glucose (Achey & Robinson 2019). Chloroplasts also store starch carbohydrates built up during photosynthesis; thus helping provide structural stability for plants when undergoing stressful conditions like drought or high temperatures (Glusker et al., 2018). Since animals lack ability to perform photosynthesis themselves they must obtain nutrients through ingestion another sources unlike autotrophs such as plants who convert energy from light into food themselves via process described above thus making them able withstand more extreme environmental conditions since don’t need rely on other organisms for sustenance.

Although there are significant distinctions between plant animals so far discussed here keep mind there still plenty shared characteristics worth noting: both contain nuclei filled with genetic information encoded into 4 bases comprised adenine thymine guanine cytosine respectively amongst many others important aspects essential proper functioning living being regardless species affiliation whether vegetable creature moving along its own accord. Ultimately though difference overall anatomical composition largest feature separating these two organisms requires each unique set adaptations order survive environment surrounding them be successful life form planet earth!


Achey B., & Robinson T. J..(2019) Photosynthesis basics: What you need to know about how plants make food | Think biological sciences [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://thinkbio-sciencesblog2020/photosynthesis-basics-what-youneedknowaboutplantsfood/, Khan Academy.(2020) Plant vs animal Cells Structure [Video file]. Retrieved From https://wwwbiointeractiveorg/cellbiologystructureplantanimalcells Futurism Staff & Pomerantz D.(2017) How does cell walls work?[Blog post] Retrieved From https://futurismcom/howdoescellwallwork/ Reddy A S K,.Mishra R,.& Prasad M N V.(2016) Plant Cell Wall: Structure , Function , Composition And They Modifications . Frontiers In Plant Science 7(257), 1–17 Glusker J P,.Leonard G S,.Berkowitz O,.Grant B F.(2018): Starch biogenesis metabolism regulation . Annual Review Of Biochemistry 87(1), 571–598

This question has been answered.

Get Answer
WeCreativez WhatsApp Support
Our customer support team is here to answer your questions. Ask us anything!
👋 WhatsApp Us Now