The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is a major ligament in the knee joint, and when partially or completely torn can cause instability of the knee. This instability may lead to an increased risk for further damage to the joint as well as significant pain and discomfort. Currently, there are two main treatment options available for ACL tears: physical therapy/rehabilitation, which involves strengthening of muscles surrounding the affected area; or surgical repair and intervention. While both treatments have been shown to be effective at addressing ACL tears, it remains unclear how they compare with regards to patient outcomes such as full stability of the functioning knee.
To address this question, a PICOT question can be formulated as follows: In patients with ACL tears (Partial & Non-partial tears) (P), how effective is physical therapy/rehabilitation (I) compared to surgical repair and intervention (C), for patients to achieve a fully stable functioning knee (O)?