Instructional Strategies Rationale
When designing a lesson plan for students in the 1-5 grade level, Operation and Algebraic Thinking is one of the most important domains to focus on. This instrumental skill allows students to develop an understanding of how numbers work together, as well as how they can be used to solve various problems. To ensure that all students are able to access this critical material, it is essential that differentiated strategies are included in the lesson. In this case, I will address both perception and attention needs, as well as memory and retrieval needs, when creating my lesson plan.
For those who struggle with perception and attention issues, visual aids will be used throughout the instruction period. This includes pictorial representations of mathematical concepts such as number bonds or equations accompanied by basic symbols (such as +,- etc). By providing a variety of visual models for key concepts presented throughout the lesson, students will be better able to attend to and process information related to math operations. Additionally, kinesthetic activities such as group collaboration tasks or hands-on manipulative materials will help maintain student focus during instruction time by providing a more interactive learning experience. For example, if I am teaching about addition within 10 using number bonds students can work together in small groups where each person holds up their answer when asked what they got – similar results could also be obtained through peer assistive technology platforms (iPads/ Chromebooks).