Consider the following mutually exclusive investments
T=0 1 2 3
Project X: -150 30 60 120
Project Y: -150 110 30 60
a. Find IRRs for both projects.
b. Find the cross over rate. Show the formula you need to use (in symbols) and with numbers plugged in.
c. Draw a graph (NPV schedule), where you will show the NPV of each project as a function of its discount rate (i.e., NPV on the vertical axis and r on the horizontal axis). Both NPVs should be on the same graph.
d. Please describe as fully as possible which project is the best and under which circumstances.
Lupace Corporation is planning to produce a grading machine for use in finance courses around the globe. Market research data indicate that the company will be able to sell 10,000 grading machines per year at $1,500 each for the next 6 years, after which the new model will have to be developed. The product will be produced in a section of an existing factory that is currently not in use. To produce grading machines, Lupace must invest in acquiring specialized equipment that costs $1,000,000. This equipment has an expected life of ten years. After six years, the equipment could be sold for $30,000. Lupace will depreciate the equipment over ten years using the straight-line method. In addition to the cost of the equipment, the company will incur annual incremental manufacturing costs of $370,000 for component parts, $500,000 for direct labor, and $200,000 of miscellaneous costs. Lupace has a tax rate of 20 percent, and the company’s required rate of return is 15 percent.
a. Compute the Net Present Value of this project.
b. Should Lupace make the investment required to produce these grading machines?
The standard deviation of returns on ABC Corporation is 25% per year. The correlation coefficient between returns on ABC and the returns on the market portfolio is 0.65. The risk free rate is currently equal to 1% and the expected return on the market portfolio is 10%. The standard deviation of the market portfolio is 15%.
a. Calculate ABC’s cost of equity using the capital asset pricing model (CAPM).
b. Assuming a 21% tax rate, calculate ABC’s weighted average cost of capital. The ABC Corporation can borrow at 7%. The debt constitutes 40% of its assets.
One year ago, your company purchased a 3D printer for $110,000. You have learned that a new, much better machine is available for $150,000. In will be depreciated on a straight-line basis and has no salvage value. You expect this new printer to produce $60,000 per year in revenue and cost $20,000 per year to operate for the next ten years. The current printer is expected to produce $40,000 per year in revenue and also costs $20,000 per year to operate. The current machine’s depreciation expense is $10,000 per year for the next 10 years, after which it will be discarded. It will have no salvage value. The market value of the current machine today is $50,000. Your company’s tax rate is 21% and the opportunity cost of capital is 10%. Should your company replace its year-old printer?
You are considering investing in Microsoft stock. From Bloomberg, you download information on its beta coefficient, which is equal to 2. The risk free rate is currently 2% and the return on the S&P 500 index (which you use as a proxy for the market portfolio) is 15%. You estimate that Microsoft’s dividends are expected to grow at 5% per year.
a. What is the return on equity for Microsoft?
b. If the standard deviation of returns on Microsoft is 40% per annum and the standard deviation of the S&P 500 is 20%, what is the correlation coefficient between returns on Microsoft and returns on S&P 500 index?
c. What price should you pay for this stock, if it just paid $2 per share dividend?
Compelling correspondence is essential to the achievement all things considered but since of the changing idea of the present working environments, successful correspondence turns out to be more troublesome, and because of the numerous impediments that will permit beneficiaries to acknowledge the plan of the sender It is restricted. Misguided judgments.In spite of the fact that correspondence inside the association is rarely completely open, numerous straightforward arrangements can be executed to advance the effect of these hindrances.
Concerning specific contextual analysis, two significant correspondence standards, correspondence channel determination and commotion are self-evident. This course presents the standards of correspondence, the act of general correspondence, and different speculations to all the more likely comprehend the correspondence exchanges experienced in regular daily existence. The standards and practices that you learn in this course give the premise to additionally learning and correspondence.
This course starts with an outline of the correspondence cycle, the method of reasoning and hypothesis. In resulting modules of the course, we will look at explicit use of relational connections in close to home and expert life. These incorporate relational correspondence, bunch correspondence and dynamic, authoritative correspondence in the work environment or relational correspondence. Rule of Business Communication In request to make correspondence viable, it is important to follow a few rules and standards. Seven of them are fundamental and applicable, and these are clear, finished, brief, obliging, right, thought to be, concrete. These standards are frequently called 7C for business correspondence. The subtleties of these correspondence standards are examined underneath: Politeness Principle: When conveying, we should build up a cordial relationship with every individual who sends data to us.
To be inviting and polite is indistinguishable, and politeness requires an insightful and amicable activity against others. Axioms are notable that gracious “pay of graciousness is the main thing to win everything”. Correspondence staff ought to consistently remember this. The accompanying standards may assist with improving courtesy:Preliminary considering correspondence with family All glad families have the mystery of progress. This achievement originates from a strong establishment of closeness and closeness. Indeed, through private correspondence these cozy family connections become all the more intently. Correspondence is the foundation of different affiliations, building solid partners of obedient devotion, improving family way of life, and assisting with accomplishing satisfaction (Gosche, p. 1). In any case, so as to keep up an amicable relationship, a few families experienced tumultuous encounters. Correspondence in the family is an intricate and alluring marvel. Correspondence between families isn’t restricted to single messages between families or verbal correspondence.
It is a unique cycle that oversees force, closeness and limits, cohesiveness and flexibility of route frameworks, and makes pictures, topics, stories, ceremonies, rules, jobs, making implications, making a feeling of family life An intelligent cycle that makes a model. This model has passed ages. Notwithstanding the view as a family and family automatic framework, one of the greatest exploration establishments in between family correspondence centers around a family correspondence model. Family correspondence model (FCP) hypothesis clarifies why families impart in their own specific manner dependent on one another ‘s psychological direction. Early FCP research established in media research is keen on how families handle broad communications data. Family correspondence was perceived as an exceptional scholastic exploration field by the National Communications Association in 1989. Family correspondence researchers were at first impacted by family research, social brain science, and relational hypothesis, before long built up the hypothesis and began research in a family framework zeroed in on a significant job. Until 2001, the primary issue of the Family Communication Research Journal, Family Communication Magazine, was given. Family correspondence is more than the field of correspondence analysts in the family. Examination on family correspondence is normally done by individuals in brain science, humanism, and family research, to give some examples models. However, as the popular family correspondence researcher Leslie Baxter stated, it is the focal point of this intelligent semantic creation measure making the grant of family correspondence special. In the field of in-home correspondence, correspondence is normally not founded on autonomous messages from one sender to one beneficiary, yet dependent on the dynamic interdependency of data shared among families It is conceptualized. The focal point of this methodology is on the shared trait of semantic development inside family frameworks. As such, producing doesn’t happen in vacuum, however it happens in a wide scope of ages and social exchange.
Standards are rules end up being followed when performing work to agree to a given objective. Hierarchical achievement relies significantly upon compelling correspondence. So as to successfully impart, it is important to follow a few standards and rules. Coming up next are rules to guarantee powerful correspondence: clearness: lucidity of data is a significant guideline of correspondence. For beneficiaries to know the message plainly, the messages ought to be sorted out in a basic language. To guarantee that beneficiaries can without much of a stretch comprehend the importance of the message, the sender needs to impart unmistakably and unhesitatingly so the beneficiary can plainly and unquestionably comprehend the data.>