“actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.”
(i)Explain what Mill means by this claim and give two examples, one of a person doing something wrong according to your opinion, and one of a person doing something right or acceptable according to your opinion, which agree with this principle.
(ii)Be sure to explain what Mill thinks happiness is and isn’t and give examples. (see essay on Hedonism)
(iii)Is happiness our only goal? Are there other goals? Like money? Virtue? Knowledge? Love? Fame? What does or would Mill say about these?
(iv)Kant: What is Kant’s first and second categorical imperatives? Give examples of each and explain both as much as possible.
(v) Imagine that the only way to save one hundred thousand people from dying is to kill one 8 year old child. (Make up a story where this is a fact) Would Kant agree that it is morally acceptable to kill the child? Would Mill? Do you? Explain.
(vi)Try to adjudicate: which theory seems better, Kant or Mill’s, if any? Do not forget to tell us what is the acceptable thing to do regarding the 8 year old child!
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