BACKGROUND: ”Intertextuality refers to the interdependent ways in which texts stand in relation to one another (as well as to the culture at large) to produce meaning. They can influence each other, be derivative of, parody, reference, quote, contrast with, build on, draw from, or even inspire each other. Knowledge does not exist in a vacuum, and neither does literature,” writes Richard Norquist.
In the Broadway musical Hamilton, author Lin-Manuel Miranda fuses musical elements from a wide array of influences, quoting liberally from hip hop, rap, musical theatre, the 1960s British Invasion, Gilbert and Sullivan operettas and many more. Additionally, historical documents like the Federalist Papers, Biblical scripture and personal correspondence find their way into the musical’s lyrics. While Ron Chernow’s biography of Alexander Hamilton may serve as biographical source material, Miranda endeavors to craft an intertextual experience as a piece of theatre, wherein the many elements he cites allow him to examine American history from a modern point of view, riddled with references to other texts, artistic movements and political points of view.
PROMPT: Using the song (THE STORY OF TONIGHT) assigned to you in our zoom class, research and examine the intertextual references, both explicit and implicit, in Miranda’s writing. How does the author meld musical and historical information within this particular song? Why does he choose to reference the particular artists which inspire his lyrics and music? And, perhaps, most important, to what end does Miranda’s intertextual approach craft a message about the modern United States?
PART C- “EQUIVALENCY OF MEANING IN FORMS” , THE SPECTRE OF FIDELITY , AND THE PROCESS OF ADAPTATION (4 page maximum)
“Faithfulness to form, literary or otherwise, is illusory…The style of a literary work is its body but not its soul. And it is not impossible for the artistic soul to manifest itself through another incarnation.” – Andre Bazin
In class, we’ve studied Bazin’s position that the adaptation process often necessitates changes in a narrative while maintaining an equivalence of meaning in its new form. Further, we’ve discussed that fidelity to source material is not a requirement in crafting a narrative to fit a different medium. Consequently, plot, structure, theme, setting, genre and other elements are subject to alteration in any adaptation.
For instance, the movie version of The Hunger Games’ opening scenes defined the play world and the audience’s relationship to the film in a manner quite differently than Susan Collins’ first person narrative. Additionally, the film Adaptation crafted an entirely new narrative while attempting to investigate the core concept Kaufman found in The Orchid Thief.
PROMPT: Using a film adaptation derived from a novel, short story, comic book property or other source material of your choosing, detail how the film does or does not remain faithful to the work upon which it is based.
Address the following issues:
Is this a literal, traditional or radical adaptation? In what way?
Does the film attempt to retain “an equivalence in meaning,” the core “essence,” of the original work? In what way might the original serve as a palimpsest, laying its foundation for the new version?
Examine and detail the particulars of the “mise-en-scene” in the cinematic adaptation. Do the film’s visual and narrative constraints adhere to or expand upon the source material?
How does the film utilize the tools of the adaptation process? Specifically, in what way does this film rely upon compression, expansion, correction, updating or superimposition in comparison to the source material?
What might scholars such as Stamm, Hutcheon, Diamond, Chatman, Huwiler, McFarlane and Darwin make of your findings? Choose three scholars from that list of authors and include at least one quote from each of their works as pertains to your thesis.
Cite any research as you would in a paper- with a WORKS CITED addendum in APA or MLA format.
A Very Little Extra credit: 75 words or less
Follow the link provided to a series of subway photographs taken by a young Stanley Kubrick.
Choose one photo and a corresponding image from 2001: A Space Odyssey in which environment and character are similarly framed. How does the photo presage the manner in which Kubrick would go on to investigate the relationship between humans, technology and environment? Include the cut and pasted photo into the exam. For reference, this paragraph is seventy five words!
Compelling correspondence is essential to the achievement all things considered but since of the changing idea of the present working environments, successful correspondence turns out to be more troublesome, and because of the numerous impediments that will permit beneficiaries to acknowledge the plan of the sender It is restricted. Misguided judgments.In spite of the fact that correspondence inside the association is rarely completely open, numerous straightforward arrangements can be executed to advance the effect of these hindrances.
Concerning specific contextual analysis, two significant correspondence standards, correspondence channel determination and commotion are self-evident. This course presents the standards of correspondence, the act of general correspondence, and different speculations to all the more likely comprehend the correspondence exchanges experienced in regular daily existence. The standards and practices that you learn in this course give the premise to additionally learning and correspondence.
This course starts with an outline of the correspondence cycle, the method of reasoning and hypothesis. In resulting modules of the course, we will look at explicit use of relational connections in close to home and expert life. These incorporate relational correspondence, bunch correspondence and dynamic, authoritative correspondence in the work environment or relational correspondence. Rule of Business Communication In request to make correspondence viable, it is important to follow a few rules and standards. Seven of them are fundamental and applicable, and these are clear, finished, brief, obliging, right, thought to be, concrete. These standards are frequently called 7C for business correspondence. The subtleties of these correspondence standards are examined underneath: Politeness Principle: When conveying, we should build up a cordial relationship with every individual who sends data to us.
To be inviting and polite is indistinguishable, and politeness requires an insightful and amicable activity against others. Axioms are notable that gracious “pay of graciousness is the main thing to win everything”. Correspondence staff ought to consistently remember this. The accompanying standards may assist with improving courtesy:Preliminary considering correspondence with family All glad families have the mystery of progress. This achievement originates from a strong establishment of closeness and closeness. Indeed, through private correspondence these cozy family connections become all the more intently. Correspondence is the foundation of different affiliations, building solid partners of obedient devotion, improving family way of life, and assisting with accomplishing satisfaction (Gosche, p. 1). In any case, so as to keep up an amicable relationship, a few families experienced tumultuous encounters. Correspondence in the family is an intricate and alluring marvel. Correspondence between families isn’t restricted to single messages between families or verbal correspondence.
It is a unique cycle that oversees force, closeness and limits, cohesiveness and flexibility of route frameworks, and makes pictures, topics, stories, ceremonies, rules, jobs, making implications, making a feeling of family life An intelligent cycle that makes a model. This model has passed ages. Notwithstanding the view as a family and family automatic framework, one of the greatest exploration establishments in between family correspondence centers around a family correspondence model. Family correspondence model (FCP) hypothesis clarifies why families impart in their own specific manner dependent on one another ‘s psychological direction. Early FCP research established in media research is keen on how families handle broad communications data. Family correspondence was perceived as an exceptional scholastic exploration field by the National Communications Association in 1989. Family correspondence researchers were at first impacted by family research, social brain science, and relational hypothesis, before long built up the hypothesis and began research in a family framework zeroed in on a significant job. Until 2001, the primary issue of the Family Communication Research Journal, Family Communication Magazine, was given. Family correspondence is more than the field of correspondence analysts in the family. Examination on family correspondence is normally done by individuals in brain science, humanism, and family research, to give some examples models. However, as the popular family correspondence researcher Leslie Baxter stated, it is the focal point of this intelligent semantic creation measure making the grant of family correspondence special. In the field of in-home correspondence, correspondence is normally not founded on autonomous messages from one sender to one beneficiary, yet dependent on the dynamic interdependency of data shared among families It is conceptualized. The focal point of this methodology is on the shared trait of semantic development inside family frameworks. As such, producing doesn’t happen in vacuum, however it happens in a wide scope of ages and social exchange.
Standards are rules end up being followed when performing work to agree to a given objective. Hierarchical achievement relies significantly upon compelling correspondence. So as to successfully impart, it is important to follow a few standards and rules. Coming up next are rules to guarantee powerful correspondence: clearness: lucidity of data is a significant guideline of correspondence. For beneficiaries to know the message plainly, the messages ought to be sorted out in a basic language. To guarantee that beneficiaries can without much of a stretch comprehend the importance of the message, the sender needs to impart unmistakably and unhesitatingly so the beneficiary can plainly and unquestionably comprehend the data.>