As European power and influence in Asia grew in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, Asian statesmen and intellectuals found that, perhaps for the first time, they had to think seriously about the relationship of their ancient civilizations to the Western powers. Look at the documents from the various Chinese, Indian, and Japanese figures in Andrea/Overfield on pages 295-297, 216-218, 304-307, 221-224. Do these men regard European civilization as superior to their own traditional societies? Do they feel that their countries should imitate the West in any way? Are they afraid of the West, or do they admire it (or both)? What do they seem to think the proper relationship between their nation and the European powers should be? Why do the writers of these four documents differ on so many of these questions? What was different about the situation in each case that might have caused the writer to have a different outlook on relations with the West?