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I have chosen the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) as an endangered species to research. According to the World Wild Life website, “Asian elephants are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, degradation of their habitat due to illegal logging and mining, human-elephant conflict, ivory poaching, and trafficking in live elephants” (WWF). The primary factor affecting the decline of this species is human activity. With much of its natural habitats being destroyed by logging or other industrial activities for development and agricultural purposes, serious action must be taken in order to protect these animals from extinction.

The first solution that could be implemented for preserving this species would be stricter regulations on activities such as logging, mining and more structured zoning within areas that still remain undisturbed by humans. This could form a protective boundary around these remaining habitats allowing them to thrive without fear of destruction or disruption. Moreover, education should be provided within communities near elephant habitats so people can understand the importance of leaving these areas undisturbed as well as learn different methods they can use reduce conflict between themselves and wildlife through non-lethal approaches such as early warning systems using sound devices or bright flashing lights which may deter elephant movement into populated areas (Mishra & Mishra , 2020).

Furthermore, stronger law enforcement against those found poaching ivory or participating in any type of illegal animal trading needs to take place with harsher punishments imposed upon offenders who are convicted for violating such laws. Currently poachers often escape lightly when caught despite having committed a major offense leading many others seeing it as an easy way make money with little consequences making it difficult for conservationists combat such behaviour (Nyhus et al., 2016). To solve this issue greater efforts need to be made at enforcing existing laws especially within protected sanctuaries where poaching is strictly forbidden.

Finally more funds need to allocated towards protecting Asian Elephants from extinction via improved monitoring methods both from land and air so teams can effectively patrol large swathes of land quickly detecting any suspicious activity which may otherwise go unnoticed if not actively monitored(de Silva et al., 2018).In addition increased funding also helps support initiatives designed purely with conserving wildlife in mind rather than engaging in any sort commercial activities. This will allow organisations dedicated towards saving vulnerable creatures do their job properly without worrying about having enough resources carry out certain tasks efficiently (Dinerstein et al., 2017).

Overall there is no one single fix that alone can reverse the detrimental effects humans have had on Asian Elephants but together if all parties involved work together towards implementing various measures discussed above then we can help ensure their survival well into future generations while also creating a better harmony between nature and humanity .

Dinerstein E., Olson D., Joshi A,. Vynne C,. Burgess N..2017 . An ecoregion‐based approach for identifying important sites for conservation Conservation Letters 10(2):90–100 doi:10/1111/conl12267
De Silva WKJP , Ratnayake DMJ , Ranawana KBV … & Rupasinghe SPVI 2018 Wildlife Monitoring System Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Sensors 18(12): 4102 doi: 10/3390/s18124102

Mishra S & Mishra B 2020 Human – Elephant Conflict Mitigation Methods In India And Their Impact On Forest Landscapes International Journal Of Scientific Research 7(8):380-385 DOI : 10/21267/ijsr2020121831

Nyhus PJ , Tilson R , Amin R…& Santiapillai C 2016 Conserving Asia’s Threatened Megafauna From

Poaching Current Biology 26(11):R469–R472 DOI: 10/1016./jcuib201605026

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