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The Economic Espionage Act (EEA) of 1996 was enacted by the US Congress to address the issue of foreign and domestic economic espionage. The act defines economic espionage as “the theft or misappropriation, including the unauthorized use, disclosure, or copying of trade secrets in order for someone other than their rightful owner to benefit economically” and makes it a criminal offense punishable by fines and/or imprisonment. The EEA has been an effective tool in combating corporate espionage; however, there are several areas which can be improved upon.

One way to improve on the current EEA would be to expand its scope beyond just trade secrets. This could include adding provisions that target other forms of intellectual property such as copyrightable works, trademarks, patents, etc., as well as expanding existing protections for trade secrets. Additionally, better enforcement measures need to be implemented in order for this legislation to have any real teeth; increasing penalties for those found guilty of violating the law is also essential if we are serious about curbing economic espionage activities. Furthermore, updated definitions should be included in the legislation which clearly outline what constitutes a violation so that law enforcement authorities can easily identify offenders and take appropriate legal action against them. Finally, more resources need to be allocated towards investigating cases related to corporate espionage; FBI agents with expertise on this subject matter should become more widely available so that they can help track down suspects who may have violated the EEA.

Five types of business information which are potential targets of economic or industrial espionage include customer data lists (which provide valuable insight into consumer trends), technology blueprints (containing specifications which allow adversaries access into proprietary technical processes), financial records (allowing outsiders access into company finances), unique formulas or recipes (which competitors can replicate in order gain competitive edge) and confidential marketing plans (providing details regarding upcoming product launches). All these types of information are valuable because they give adversaries an inside look into companies’ operations without having to spend time researching on their own –thus giving them an advantage over competing businesses.

In terms of threats versus vulnerabilities versus risks—threats refer to actions taken by malicious actors attempting gain access illegally into organizations with malicious intent while vulnerabilities refer specific weaknesses within systems or networks making them susceptible attack from outside sources; Risks on other hand represent potential damage incurred due loss of information resulting from threats exploiting vulnerable systems/networks thus enabling financial losses reputation damage etc.. It is important note here that all three concepts must present together before risk arises i:e: only presence threats exploiting actual vulnerabilities will lead risk-related consequences

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