Parochialism, ethnocentrism, and pluralism are three distinct views of culture that help explain how individuals interact with different cultures.While all three views can be seen as ways to categorize cultural attitudes and behaviors, they also differ in important ways.
Parochialism is defined by Oxford Reference as “the narrow-minded concern with or attachment to one’s own group at the expense of others” (Rothwell & Stockley, 2017). This view suggests that individuals limit themselves to their own norms, values, beliefs, and practices without engaging with those from other cultures. Parochialism often involves a lack of respect for other cultures and a tendency towards close-mindedness when it comes to unfamiliar customs or traditions. It leads individuals to become rigid in their thinking and behavior instead of being open to new experiences or perspectives. As such, parochialism promotes an us vs them mentality which perpetuates negative stereotypes about people from different backgrounds while failing to recognize the value of diversity within society.