A number of factors have been claimed to favor code-switching. These include reported speech, changes in participant constellation, parentheses or side-comments, change of activity type, topic shift, and puns, language play, or shift of ‘key’. Using relevant examples, explain how at least three of these factors might at least partially account for code-switching. What kinds of situational switches can the factors you have selected account for and what do they fail to account for?
Discuss the relationships between bilingual proficiency, type of code switching, and participation in community norms of discourse.
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