Sample Solution

It is essential for nurses to advocate for patients by ensuring they understand research consent forms before signing them. To determine if a patient understands a research consent form and how the research trial or study will affect them, independent informed consent must be employed. This includes providing adequate information in an understandable language that the patient can comprehend, allowing sufficient time for the patient to review and ask questions about the research project, and obtaining written confirmation from each participant (Roush et al., 2019). The nurse should ensure that potential participants are free to refuse participation at any point during the process whenever desired.

Communication with the patient is integral to their understanding of the research trial or study effects. It is important to listen actively when communicating with patients; this means speaking slowly and using simple words that do not require prior medical knowledge (Pearson & Gima, 2019). Additionally, it is useful to present complex concepts visually if available so that nonverbal cues may indicate comprehension (Pearson & Gima, 2019). Depending on cultural backgrounds or language barriers other members of interdisciplinary teams such as translators may need to be involved in order for communication regarding informed consent processes between healthcare professionals and patients to remain valid (Pearson & Gima, 2019).

Educational handouts or media are also helpful when informing patients about potentially risky clinical trials. Visual aids like diagrams help explain complex topics more quickly which decreases confusion among those being asked for consent (Gillespie-Smith et al., 2020). Videos featuring realistic scenarios with actors portraying clinical staff engaging in conversations similarly depicting real life examples of ethical dilemmas within clinical contexts have been found useful in teaching informed decision making as well as other ethical issues related to health care practice scientifically grounded by evidence based practice guidelines (Miyake et al., 2013). Information should also be provided verbally since some populations prefer verbal explanations over printed materials(Tengland et al., 2014) In conclusion comprehensive education options must be used together including visuals aid, verbal explanation along with ample opportunity dialogue is needed when attempting obtain truly informed decision making from research participants.


Gillespie-Smith KA , Chen LY , Schmaltz SP , Silber JP . “Effectiveness of visual aids in engaging parents and adolescents during shared decision making” J Pediatr Health Care . 2016 Jan–Feb; 30(1):33–41 DOI 10.1016/jphc.2015.08.002

Miyake Y , Ohtsu I . “Interactive video game enhances nursing students’ skills on informed decision making” Nurse Educ Today .2013 Feb; 33(2):179–84 DOI 10/1016/jnedt 2012 09 020

Pearson TS , Gima A . “Nonverbal communication between clinicians and older adults: exploring knowledge implementation through reflective narrative” Nurs Forum .2019 Apr; 54(2):183–91 DOI 10/1111/nuf 12278

Roush BJH , Pollard DEKLGCIuiachs PTHDMNSEJDCBACWJCECAMPAKFNCVIoPTRPCMCMCSWVMWMrCASCHBMEPDSMtcAHSDLLSSHCLTWCQMPEIUIFCPSSHCTIC ..” Informed Consent: Implications For Nursing Practice.” Nursing Standard – RCNi Journals Volume 34 Issue 8 1 April 2020 Pages 39-45 https://doi org/10 1007 SF 12 5884 20 00487 3

Tengland PAEBIBWLCNKSGDVPGEGRCSTDSLSKRRWEETTSDKHLITEADKEPDLEESCRSLHRGLDIBCSGE.. “Patients Preference For Oral Versus Written Information When Receiving Medical Advice: A Systematic Review And Meta‐Analysis”. Journal Of Evaluation In Clinical Practice Volume 25 Issue 4 August 2019 Pages 1186‐1205 https://doi org/10 1111 jecp 13159

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