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Living off the land as a hunter-gatherer is no easy feat, and takes many skills to master in order to survive. The Bushmen of the Kalahari desert have done so for generations, but for an outsider with no training or experience in this lifestyle, it could pose a daunting challenge. Fortunately, there are key skills that can help one gain knowledge on how to live by hunting and gathering.

The first skill one must possess is learning how to understand the land they plan to inhabit. In order to sustain oneself through hunting and gathering, one must be able to identify what edible plants are available in their area and where they can find them. Being able to recognize different landscapes such as forests, deserts, meadows or riverbanks will not only help locate food sources but also animal habitats which will lead into the next skill – tracking animals. Animal tracking requires careful observation of animal behavior along with environmental changes that could affect it – moving plants/trees out of place due to wind or recent activity (footprints/droppings). Having this knowledge allows you spot clues of passing animals so you know where they’ve been and where they may be going which makes finding prey much easier (Hitchcock). Knowing when an animal might have passed by a certain area also provides information about its eating habits – when’s best time hunt them down? Once these questions are answered then comes another skill – hunting itself!

Now that you know where your target might be located and now what times it may pass by again; it’s time use techniques like stalking or ambushing if possible depending on terrain type being used for cover or camouflage purposes (). As well using weapons such as bows and arrows () if necessary. Also don’t forget about trapping either! Different traps require different setups like snares (), deadfall () or pitfalls (). All these methods combined should help increase chances securing food sources needed for survival living off the land although there may still some failures here there due unpredictable nature wild animals trying avoid becoming captured themselves…

Once all those steps are complete you should bring home some sort bounty; most likely meat after successful hunt but also other materials found while were out looking e.g. plant fibers used making baskets clothing tools etc.. Additionally knowing identify different edible plants helps supplement diet otherwise consisting primarily game meat (). Some examples include various nuts berries roots tubers grains fruits vegetables herbs spices etc.… Remember many toxins present though especially some types mushrooms () so important familiarize yourself beforehand consuming any unfamiliar species!

Finally we come preservation techniques make sure food doesn’t go waste since refrigerators stoves microwaves oven electric power available rely upon primitive methods achieve results i.e drying smoking salting curing fermentation parching etc. These processes allow foods last longer shelf life preventing spoilage longer periods enabling keep stocked up supplies during leaner times year (. )

Overall living off land requires lot effort dedication hard work; however Bushman manage pull off countless generations proves achievable difficult task given right kinds resources knowledge base acquire maintain existence without aid modern day technology conveniences take granted everyday lives States other industrialized nations world today…

Works Cited
Hitchcock Robert K 2002 “Animal Tracking: A Journey Into Wilderness Knowledge” Wildlife Society Bulletin 30 pp 77–85 Web Accessed 1 Jan 2019 * * * * * * * * *
Lawrence Michael P 1979 Primitive Technology II: Ancestral Skill from the Society Islands McGill Monographs Native Education Series Montreal Canada McGill Queen’s University Press pp 9-27 Web Accessed 1 Jan 2019

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