Living off the land as a hunter-gatherer is no easy feat, and takes many skills to master in order to survive. The Bushmen of the Kalahari desert have done so for generations, but for an outsider with no training or experience in this lifestyle, it could pose a daunting challenge. Fortunately, there are key skills that can help one gain knowledge on how to live by hunting and gathering.
The first skill one must possess is learning how to understand the land they plan to inhabit. In order to sustain oneself through hunting and gathering, one must be able to identify what edible plants are available in their area and where they can find them. Being able to recognize different landscapes such as forests, deserts, meadows or riverbanks will not only help locate food sources but also animal habitats which will lead into the next skill – tracking animals. Animal tracking requires careful observation of animal behavior along with environmental changes that could affect it – moving plants/trees out of place due to wind or recent activity (footprints/droppings). Having this knowledge allows you spot clues of passing animals so you know where they’ve been and where they may be going which makes finding prey much easier (Hitchcock). Knowing when an animal might have passed by a certain area also provides information about its eating habits – when’s best time hunt them down? Once these questions are answered then comes another skill – hunting itself!