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Immigration policy reform is a complex and pressing issue that affects individuals, families, communities, economies, cultures, and countries around the world. Immigration impacts almost every aspect of society—social relationships; ethical considerations regarding human rights; economic productivity; labor markets; education systems; public health concerns; national security issues and foreign policies (Bosco & Naughton, 2018). As such, there are numerous social, ethical and economic reasons for addressing immigration reform to ensure that all stakeholders can benefit from a robust system in which immigrants’ rights are respected.

Social reasons for addressing immigration policy reform include protecting families from separation due to deportation or detention of family members. It has been found that when an individual is detained or deported their entire family may suffer the consequences of decreased financial resources or emotional distress from being separated (Lamberti et al., 2017). Additionally, with comprehensive immigration reforms refugees and asylum seekers would be able to work toward meaningful integration into their new host country by having access to healthcare services, employment opportunities and education as well as learning more about the culture of the host county (Kerwin et al., 2016). This ability to integrate could lead to increased social cohesion within communities due to improved understanding between native citizens and newcomers.

Ethical considerations in reforming immigration policies center around human rights protections for migrants which includes avoiding exploitation by employers who may take advantage of undocumented workers who have fewer legal channels available if they are mistreated (Gonzalez-Uribe et al., 2019). There must also be consideration given to the safety of vulnerable populations such as unaccompanied minors making their way across borders alone–these young people should not have face violent circumstances during this journey nor must they experience abuse upon arrival in order for them to receive protection from harm. Comprehensive immigration reform also needs to consider how nations will support those seeking asylum due political unrest or dire economic circumstances in their home countries as refusing entry based on certain criteria could create moral dilemmas depending upon why someone wishes seek refuge (Shelley & Dautrich 2011).

On an economic level it is important for governments enacting immigration reforms understand both the long term value diversity brings through innovation but also recognize how these benefits can be weighed against current costs associated with administering programs designed protect immigrant’s rights along with any perceived negative effects on local wages or housing prices (Miglietta & Wolforth 2018). Reforms should strive balance out existing laws while ensuring career mobility options allowing immigrants fully contribute economically regardless of where they come form thereby helping reduce inequality among different socio-economic groups (Grogger 2017). By expanding available pathways which allow prospective immigrants enter legally will enable programs better track newcomers so underlying issues like poverty alleviation can be addressed effective manner using data collected under larger umbrella migratory program implemented locally within country setting goals improve lives those living regions where vulnerable populations reside without draining resources allocated towards development other areas throughout nation state itself.

Overall it is clear that while there are many social, ethical and economic factors at play when considering tackling large scale policy changes related migration much thought must go into designing actual implementation plans make sure everyone affected positively impacted not just few powerful people behind scenes whose interests might otherwise supersede those basic welfare freedoms granted everyone regardless ethnicity origin gender status citizenship application process itself!


Bosco A & Naughton B,. 2018 ‘The Role Of Immigration In US Economic Development’ Federal Reserve Bank Of Philadelphia Working Paper No 17–29 Retrieved From Https://Www1 Fedin Philly Org/Publications/Workingpapers/Pdf/17–29 Pdf .

González-Uribe JA,. 2019 ‘Human Rights Perspectives On Decisions That Shape Forced Migration To The United States’ International Journal Of Public Administration42(4):255–265 Doi 10 1080 / 01900692 2018 2525115 .

Grogger J,. 2017 ‘Immigration Enforcement And Occupational Mobility For Hispanics Immigrants’ Journal Labor Economics35(3):617–653 Doi 101086/688800 .

Kerwin D Lu M Neuman MG Yang ZH Moffit RE& Betts KR 2016 ‘Immigrant Legalization Pathways An Overview Of Key Components And Considerations For Designers Practitioners Evaluators’ Urban Institute Retrieved From Https://Www Urban Org/Research/Immigrant Legatization Pathways Roadmap For Reform/.

Lamberti LJ Reichert E Barrios LC Keegan KL Johnson RJ& Henwood BF 2017 ‘Family Separation Stress Related To Deportation Detention Among Undocumented Latino Adolescents Living In Rural Pennsylvania USA: A Qualitative Study’ Global Health Action10(1) Doi 10 38

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