The four acculturation strategies for adaptation are assimilation, separation, integration, and marginalization. Assimilation is a process of adapting to the majority’s culture or values by adopting their beliefs and behaviour (Palinkas & Alegría, 2015). Separation on the other hand is when individuals maintain their own cultural values while interacting minimally with members of the majority culture (Gardner et al., 2019). Integration combines elements from both cultures without sacrificing either identity (Umaña-Taylor et al., 2004). Lastly, marginalization involves rejecting aspects of both cultures and not identifying strongly within either one (Berry & Kim, 2018).
Assimilation can be seen as an extreme form of adaptation where an individual fully adopts the majority culture’s practices and language. This approach has been commonly used by immigrants in North America as they often have limited access to resources that would help them maintain their traditional customs (Rios Menjivar & Portes, 2001). However, this strategy does come with drawbacks such as a sense of disconnect from one’s original culture which can lead to feelings of loneliness or isolation due to being unable to partake in traditional activities or express themselves fully within the new environment.